Financial Analysis (FA)

Financial Analysis (FA) 2

FA Objectives

  • Analyze Financial Statements
  • Apply Financial Analysis Methods and Tools to Measure Performance Against Internal and External Standards and Industry Benchmarks
  • Make Sound Decisions Based on Accurate Assessments of Business Performance and Results
  • Ask Better Questions to Gain a Clearer Understanding of the Business, and Focus Attention on Areas of Greatest Impact
  • More Effectively Manage Value in the Business

FA Topics

The Nature of Financial Analysis

  • List the Principal Questions Answered By Financial Analysis
  • Identify the Financial Statement Sources of Data Used in Financial Analysis
  • List the Major Tools Used in Financial Analysis

The Planning Cycle

  • Identify Components of the Planning Cycle
  • Describe the Role of the Financial Analyst Income Statement and Balance Sheet
  • Identify Key Accounts and Subtotals of the Income Statement
  • Identify the Major Sections of the Balance Sheet and How Analysts Use Them
  • Explain Why Companies Own Assets and How They Pay for Them
  • Use Common Size Financial Statements

Measurement of Performance

  • Calculate the Solvency Ratios, Liquidity Ratios, and Profitability Ratios
  • Explain How Ratios Relate to the Creation of Shareholder Value
  • Define How Growth Rates Are Used to Indicate Performance Cash Flow
  • Analyze a Company’s Gross Cash Flow from Operating, Investing and Financing Activities
  • Describe Why an Analysis That Fails to Take Cash Flow into Account Is Inadequate
  • Define a Company’s Free Cash Flow
  • Use Cash Metrics to Measure Value Creation

Creating Shareholder Value

  • Calculate a Company’s Weighted Average Cost of Capital and Total Capital in Accordance with CAPM
  • Use Bond Rating Information to Manage Leverage 

Analyzing Enterprise Investments: The Theory of Interest and the Time Value of Money

  • Use a Financial Calculator
  • Calculate Future Value, Present Value, and Compound Growth Rates
  • Calculate the Present and Future Value of an Annuity and Annuity Payments
  • Calculate and Understand Internal Rate of Return
  • Calculate the Present Value of a Perpetuity

Analyzing Enterprise Investments: Capital Project Evaluation

  • Define the Steps Necessary to Perform a Capital Project Evaluation
  • Create a Spreadsheet to Describe a Project
  • Choose a Hurdle Rate for a Project
  • Apply the Major Techniques: NPV, IRR, EPVI, Payback
  • Give a Definition of Terminal Value
  • Price an Acquisition


Basic understanding of accounting and/or finance.

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